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Periodontics Gum Care

Periodontics is the area of dentistry that addresses the supporting structures of teeth and determines the diseases and conditions that affect these structures. The tissues that support the teeth include the gums, the cementum that covers the root, the alveolar bone, and the periodontal ligament. Periodontics specifically focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating periodontal disease.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a disease with varying conditions that usually affect one or more of the supporting structures of the teeth. Scientists and dentists generally agree that the cause of periodontal disease is the bacteria found in dental plaque. These bacteria combine with other particles to form colorless plaque, and if the plaque is not removed through brushing and flossing, it will harden into tartar that can only be removed by a professional cleaning from your dentist or hygienist.

Conditions of Periodontal Disease

There are several plaque-induced inflammatory conditions of periodontal disease. These conditions include:

  • Gingivitis
  • Aggressive Periodontitis
  • Chronic Periodontitis
  • Necrotizing periodontal disease

Gingivitis is an infection that affects only the gums in the earliest stages of periodontal disease. When plaque and tartar are left on the teeth for long periods of time, they cause the inflammation of the gums that is gingivitis, and with this condition, the gums grow red and swollen and bleed easily.

Periodontitis is a disorder in the mouth that starts after the bacterial infection of gingivitis has attacked the gums and the periodontal disease has progressed to the point that the bone that supports the teeth and holds them into the jaw has become infected as well. This advanced stage of the disease that starts if gingivitis is not treated causes the gums to pull away from the teeth and create spaces, or pockets, that then become infected. The body’s immune system will attempt to fight the bacteria, but in the process, the bone and the connective tissues of the teeth will start to break down. If not treated, all of the supporting bones, gums, and tissues will eventually deteriorate, and the teeth may need to be removed.

Our Village Dental Care Approach to Treating Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is the primary reason for tooth loss in adults, as the disease eventually affects all of the supporting structures around the teeth when its more severe forms set in. The disease may develop rather quickly or quite slowly, but either way, it is often a relatively painless experience. Many people remain unaware of the presence of periodontal disease until the point at which saving the tooth becomes impossible. However, rest assured that we can do whatever is necessary to keep your teeth healthy and functional. Village Dental’s periodontal treatments include scaling, root planning, and root surface debridement, and our highly trained staff of dental hygienists always works closely with you to customize a periodontal plan that will restore your oral health.